Answer: 2. An appellate court.
The Supreme Court is best characterized as an appellate court.
An appellate court is a legislative court that has been empowered to act as a means to ensure the proper application of the law whenever a case is presented before it.
Usually, the Supreme Court has the authority to revise and/ or overrule the verdict of a trial court if the verdict was found to be lacking in one or more legal areas.
An appellate court can also be referred to as a court of appeal, an appeals court, a court of second instance court, etc.