Answer: 1. Economic shrinkage.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country refers to the monetary estimation of goods and services produced in a country within a fiscal year. A negative GDP value indicates a shrinkage in the economy.
A decline in a nation’s GDP is a sign that the nation’s economy is experiencing shrinkage, as it indicates that a country is in a state of depression. When this happens, consumers spend with respect to disposable income, tax rate, debt, etc. Economic shrinkage occurs when there is a reduction in spending, which reduces the market value of goods and services.