Answer: B. Behaving to avoid being punished.
Extrinsic motivation is the achievement of a task, or the display of behavior in response to external causes such as a reward or avoidance of punishment. Extrinsic motivation is a way to motivate an individual or team to tackle a more challenging challenge. Behaving in order to avoid getting punished is a good example of extrinsic behavior as such an attitude is clearly driven by the fear of being punished.