How To Write A Synthesis Essay: A Step By Step Guide

synthesis essay

Many people get confused between a synthesis essay and a simple essay. They think it as just another kind of regular five-paragraph essay but in reality, it’s not. Synthesis essay has its own rules and conditions and if you don’t follow them then your essay wouldn’t be a synthesis essay. Don’t worry, in this blog, we will discuss writing a perfect synthesis essay.

What Is A Synthesis Essay?

Before we start how to write synthesis essay, it is necessary to know what is a synthesis essay or synthesis essay definition. It is an advanced type of writing. The word synthesis means to collect data from different sources and then create unique content. In other words, you need to first synthesize the source and then you make a claim. After claiming, you have to support your claim with the data that you stored in the source.

Below is the synthesis essay writing plan:

  • Collecting data/material
  • Creating a claim or thesis
  • Formatting essay

How To Write A Good Synthesis Essay

When we talk about writing a synthesis essay, one should remember at least 2 key steps. First is that you need to collect data as much as you can and secondly you need to present it in an organized manner.

Before you start writing, you need to understand the synthesis essay topics. The main objective of writing a synthesis essay is to make connections between two or more different works with one goal of supporting a claim eventually.

The best way of collecting data is from the internet or library. There is no problem in search or collecting materials from different sources. Just go through the material and collect all the important points and you can make a summary.

Now it is time for writing. You need to take out your important points or summary and now free-write brainstorm. Furthermore, you need to map out every point or ideas relating to the topic.

A pro tip for you is to always create a sythesis essay outline. It will allow you to check as well as logically organize the sources. Remember that you need to develop your analysis, perspective, and interpretation. However, you can find different ways to organize the data depending on how you want to argue.

The key point is to organize data so that people can judge your comprehension of the source. Moreover, you need to present some examples, data and your supporting points. While writing, you shouldn’t focus on summarizing but you need to focus on making your point. However, you also need to back it up with other sources as well.

Synthesis Essay Structure

If you look at sample synthesis essay then you might notice one thing common and that is its structure. There is a special synthesis essay format that you should use otherwise it won’t be interesting. Remember, you need to write in a way that grabs the reader’s attention. Following is the synthesis essay structure:

  1. Introduction

    You must be wondering how to start a synthesis essay so the answer is a catchy introduction. Do remember that your first sentence should be attractive otherwise, your reader will get bored and eventually won’t read the rest.

  2. Body

    Every first line of the paragraphs should support your thesis statement. You need to explain your topic and if possible, you can also add your opinion. Do defend your thesis statement by explaining and giving proofs otherwise people will find your statement weak. In other words, your synthesis essay will not be interesting to read.

  3. Conclusion

    The most important part that many people make a mistake is the conclusion. In this part, you will conclude your entire essay which means that you need to give a small summary of your essay. You should tell your reader the importance of your topic and also the evidence as well as the reasons that you mentioned in your essay. You can learn how to write an effective conclusion by reading synthesis essay examples.

Synthesis Writing Do’s and Don’ts

One thing which is the most important in “how to write a synthesis essay ap lang” is that you don’t need to summarize the source instead you have to analyze them. Moreover, in the essay ap lang synthesis, the paragraphs should revolve around your argument, not around sources. Following are do’s and don’ts.


  • Make a central claim
  • Wrap the sources together
  • Make sure that the citations are meaningful
  • Use of smooth transition
  • Explain all-important ideas


  • Making a summary of the sources
  • Missing of points (from the sources)
  • Vague statement

Guide To Writing The AP English Language Synthesis Essay

There are a few things that you need to take care off. However, synthesis essay is almost like argument synthesis essay, the argument essay revolves around claim and support. You make a claim and then you support it. Following are some points you need to take care of.

  1. Cite Minimum 4 Sources

    Although if you have cited 3 sources, that’s enough ideally you should cite at least 4 sources.

  2. Don’t Plagiarize

    One of the most important points is plagiarism. While writing the essay, you might be using the information from the source. If you want to copy the exact source then present it in quotation marks otherwise, you need to paraphrase it to avoid plagiarism.

  3. Your Essay Needs A Thesis

    Your thesis must be strong as well as clear. Moreover, everything that follows must be related to the thesis. In easy words, thesis is the boss and if any point doesn’t work with it then it should be fired.

  4. Don’t Summarize The Source

    Another most important point is that you don’t summarize the source. The reason is that the summary of the source is not an argument.

  5. Originality

    Don’t forget that you are synthesizing your view of the problem with some proofs in the source. Make sure that you stay original.

  6. Keep Your Tone Consistent

    There is no fixed rule which tone to use but you need to make sure to keep your tone consistent. Some people prefer writing in a humorous tone while some like to be serious. Don’t jump from one tone to others because it breaks the consistency.

  7. SOAPS

    The alphabets in SOAPS has a meaning. S stands for Speaker, O stands for Occasion, A stands for Audience, P stands for Purpose and S stands for Subject. You need to keep SOAPS in your mind while writing a synthesis essay.

Writing a synthesis essay can give you a tough time. You need to get all things right and then it could be assured you that you will ace it. When you are writing a synthesis essay, you need to keep all the key steps in your head.

You can also get a lot of information from the examples of synthesis essay. Try to read examples as much as you can before writing a synthesis essay. Find English assignment help if you think you need it. In the end, you need to grab the reader’s attention otherwise it would be a waste of time and effort.

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